Annika Talmar successfully defended her doctoral thesis
The School of Law of the University of Tartu has a new Doctor!
On 17 February Annika Talmar successfully defended her doctoral thesis “Ensuring respect for International Humanitarian Law 70 years after the adoption of the Geneva Conventions of 1949”.
The work was supervised by Prof. Raul Narits (University of Tartu), Assoc. Prof. René Värk (University of Tartu) and opposed by Prof. Dr. Maria Daniella Marouda (Panteion University).
The aim of the doctoral thesis is to show that it is precisely the national implementation that can help guarantee compliance at international level. Existing legislation provides sufficient tools to prevent most violations when implemented in good faith.
Some of the questions that the author seeks to answer are: how can States’ obligations to respect humanitarian law be transposed into national law and which mechanisms could be better used. Which measures can lawfully be taken by States outside their jurisdiction to ensure respect for the law and whether the Geneva Conventions need to be updated or can be adapted to modern conflicts. In conclusion, it is stated that a more interdisciplinary approach to prevention should be taken.