University of Tartu Journal of International Law and Human Rights

The University of Tartu Journal of International Law and Human Rights is an academic law journal focused on questions of international law and human rights. Its first part deals with general issues, treaties and recent cases relevant in International Law and Human Rights, such as the implementation of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, the Vienna Conventions and the International Court of Justice case law. The purpose of this part is to review International Law  in the most extensive and elaborate way within the scope of human rights.

While its second part is focused on a theme meticulously chosen by the editorial board to reflect the ever-changing world. In this part, the authors have the opportunity to focus more deeply on one subject area currently discussed by scholars.

The Journal is student-run by master’s students at the University of Tartu who are elected to the editorial board.

The Journal was founded at the initiative of Delphine Saint-Martin as she strived to give the opportunity to fellow law students to have enable them to research issues and questions of international law through the scope of human rights.

Delphine Saint-Martin (founder and editor in chief) is a Master of Law in International Law and Human Rights candidate at the University of Tartu. She holds a Bachelor’s degree in French Law and Common Law, from the Paris Nanterre University. She is a student representative at her Master’s Council and is deeply interested in Law of the Sea, Human Rights and Environmental Law.

Francesca Akiki (editor in chief) is a  Master of Law in International Law and Human Rights candidate at the University of Tartu and a student representative at her Master’s Council. She has a Bachelor’s degree in European Union Law and International Law, from Tallinn University. She is very interested in Human Rights, especially the rights of women and other minorities.

Nigar Akhundova (marketing specialist) is a Master of Law in International Law and Human Rights candidate at the University of Tartu. She graduated from the Law Faculty of Baku State University. Her field of interest is human rights and mainly the rights of minorities.

Merilin Kiviorg (DPhil Oxford, mag iur Tartu) is an associate professor in international law at the University of tartu School of Law. She obtained her doctorate as well as tough international at the University of Oxford. She was a Max Weber Fellow at the European University Institute in Florence. She has advised governmental bodies in Estonia. She is member of the Advisory Panel of Experts on Freedom of Religion or Belief of the Organization of Security and Cooperation in Europe/ODIHR and a member of the Chancellor of Justice’s Human Rights Advisory Board in Estonia. She is a principal investigator in the project ‘Russia and Consolidation of Regional International Law in Eurasia’. She is the author of multiple articles and books in the field of human rights, constitutional rights, and public international law. 

Lauri Mälksoo is a Professor of International Law at the University of Tartu, member of the Institut de Droit International, the Venice Commission, the Permanent Court of Arbitration and the Estonian Academy of Sciences. He has published widely on the history and theory of international law, including the monograph 'Russian Approaches to International Law' (2015).

Julia Laffranque is an Estonian judge at the Estonian Supreme Court, she has been the Estonian judge at the European Court of Human Rights and is a visiting professor at the University of Tartu School of Law in Human Rights in Europe.

Triin Jäädmaa is an environmental lawyer at the EELC (Estonian Environmental Law Center), where she works on research and litigations with the focus on climate change and biodiversity.

Tiina Pajuste is a Professor of International Law and Security at Tallinn University. She holds a PhD from the University of Cambridge and her research interests are in the field of international organisations, peace processes, human rights and overarching issues of public international law. She is also the assistant editor of the East European Yearbook on Human Rights and a member of the academic review board of the Cambridge International Law Journal.

Aleksandr Popov has spent the last decade teaching international law and legal theory in various academic institutions in Estonia and abroad. He is an avid mooter and supports the moot court community by engaging in training seminars for mooters and grading memorials and oral rounds for various moot courts. Alongside his academic endeavours, he is featured as a columnist for the oldest newspaper in Estonia, “Postimees” and is also an avid blogger.


First publication of the University of Tartu Journal of International Law and Human Rights is now available.


Read here

In this number:

Editorial by Prof Merilin Kiviorg

Delphine Saint-Martin "On the evolution of the UN through the Pacific Island States" 

Francesca Akiki "Protection of the Intellectual Property Rights of Indigenous Peoples"

Elkhan Heydarli "Regulation of legal age for becoming a soldier: Problematic issues regarding child soldiers"

Valeria Găvoază "The issue of prostitution in Romania from the perspective of human rights and gender equality" 

Cristina Snegur "Abridged Analysis of The Domestic Violence and Torture or Ill-treatment Connection Under International Human Rights Law"

Merle Albrant "Domestic violence during Covid, focusing on women"

Human Rights for women and minorities

As there have been more and more resolutions at the United Nations level (UNSC Resolution 1325 (2000)), policies at the regional levels, national initiatives, political speeches at the UNGA recently recognising the role of women and the importance of the protection of their rights. We also wish to highlight the different conventions that have established and  furthered women’s rights such as CEDAW, the Istanbul Convention, the 1951 Equal Remuneration Convention and the Geneva Convention I & III. The different world conferences such as the 1995 Beijing World Conference on Women have helped discuss women’s rights and raise awareness on these rights. It is also noteworthy that cases such as Jackson v. Birmingham Board of Education have had a tremendous impact on the recognition of gender discrimination.

Rights for minorities have also been increasingly recognised in intersection with the rights of women and other rights. These include ethnic rights, rights of persons with disabilities, of the LGBTQIA+ community, etc. These minorities rights have been dealt with in the 1994 Human Rights Committee Toonen v Australia case and were addressed in the 1995 Beijing Platform for Action. Most recently, the Human Rights Council produced several resolutions on these minority rights such as Resolution 32/2 (2016), Resolution 17/19 (2011), and Resolution 27/32 (2014).

Structure of the Article

The articles shall follow the following structure:

1. Title
2. An abstract that can be up to 300 words.
3. A structured body of the text (including the introduction and conclusion) 
4. Bibliography 

Submission Requirements

File format 

The files shall be sent either in MS-Word format or as a Google file. The files shall not be sent in PDF format. 


The articles must be written in English.


The length of the articles shall be 1500-3500 words including footnotes but excluding the cover page, and bibliography. 


The articles shall follow the style of the European Journal of International Law regarding the following aspects: headings, commas, hyphens, abbreviations, abbreviations of case names, quotations, numbers, footnotes, and ‘hereinafter’ and subsequent references. Where we have not specified the guidelines, please refer to the guidelines of the European Journal of International Law

No plagiarism of any kind will be tolerated!

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